Exploring the needs and experiences of educators in facilitating use of the Bass Model of Holistic Reflection

Janice Bass, Mary Sidebotham, Debra Creedy, Linda Sweet

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1 Citation (Scopus)


Health professionals are required to reflect on practice to evaluate and improve care in rapidly changing health care environments. This study explored the professional development needs of educators facilitating development of reflective capacity in midwifery students using the Bass Model of Holistic Reflection. Thirteen midwifery academics at two Australian universities took part in the study conducted in three phases. Phase 1 identified the learning needs of educators described as ‘understanding the building blocks of reflection’; ‘practical application of the model, and ‘assessment of reflective capacity’. Phase 2 involved an Intervention including development of a reflective practice tool kit and delivery of a two-day workshop. Phase 3 evaluated the experience of educators using the resources and four themes emerged: 1) ‘Educators value a reflective practice toolkit’; 2) ‘A toolkit builds confidence and trust in the model through promotion of deep personal reflection’; 3) ‘Effective use of the model is key to achieving consistency in application by educators; and 4) ‘Deeper understanding of the model promotes transformation of practice’. This paper confirms the importance of developing resources for educators, that support reflective pedagogy when implementing models of reflection into curricula.

Original languageEnglish
Article number102805
Number of pages7
JournalNurse Education in Practice
Publication statusPublished - Jul 2020
Externally publishedYes


  • Educators
  • Midwifery
  • Reflection model
  • Bass Model of Holistic Reflection


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