Exploring the shared experiences of people with stroke and caregivers in preparedness to manage post-discharge care: A hermeneutic study

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Abstract

Aims and objectives: To explore the shared experiences of people with stroke and caregivers in preparedness to manage post-discharge care. Background: People with stroke and caregivers show dyadic effects in dealing with post-discharge care challenges. However, few studies have explored their shared experiences and unique challenges for each dyadic member in preparedness to manage post-discharge care. This study addresses this research gap. Design: An interpretive approach underpinned by Gadamer's philosophical hermeneutics. Methods: Semi-structured interviews were conducted with people with stroke and caregivers in 5 days before hospital discharge (n = 26) or 2 weeks after discharge (n = 4) between July and December 2019. The study followed a five-step data analysis method aligning with Gadamerian hermeneutics. The study reporting followed the COREQ checklist. Results: Three themes and six subthemes were identified. First, both people with stroke and caregivers experienced psychological stress, although the sources differed. Second, stroke dyads demonstrated resilience built on positive thoughts, confidence, and support from family and health professionals. Third, stroke dyads exhibited different levels of certainty about post-discharge care. They desired to be equal partners in co-developing and co-implementing discharge plans. Conclusions: Similarities and differences in perceived preparedness to manage post-discharge care existed between stroke dyadic members. A co-design approach to developing and implementing discharge plans would enhance planned post-discharge care. Impact: Hospital-to-home transition is a challenging time for people with stroke and their caregivers. Understanding the shared experiences of stroke dyads in preparedness for post-discharge care enables nurses to take proactive actions to enhance managing post-discharge care. Early identification of those at risk of developing psychological stress will enable nurses to co-develop stress-coping strategies. These will have a positive influence on the dyad when facing setbacks due to stroke-related complications.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2983-2999
Number of pages17
JournalJournal of Advanced Nursing
Volume78
Issue number9
Early online date26 Apr 2022
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Sep 2022

Keywords

  • Caregiver
  • discharge planning
  • dyads
  • nurse
  • people with stroke
  • qualitative research
  • stroke
  • transition care

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