Exploring the System Determinants Associated with Senior Women's Access to Medical Care in Rural Bangladesh

Mohammad Hamiduzzaman, Anita De Bellis, Wendy Abigail

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)


Senior women’s access to medical care in rural Bangladesh is a major public health concern. This study aims to explore the system determinants that impact on rural senior women’s utilization of healthcare. Following a qualitative critical social research design, healthcare staff and senior women living in three rural villages of Bangladesh were approached to participate in face-to-face audio-recorded interviews. A total of 11 staff and 25 senior women were interviewed with questions about health policy, healthcare services and management of aged care. Data was analyzed using a blend of critical discourse and thematic analysis methods. Several healthcare system determinants were identified that were complex and cross-sectional. Three major themes emerged from the system determinants: legal framework of aged care; inadequate healthcare support; and professional knowledge and skills of healthcare staff that led the rural senior women to avoid or delay access to hospitals and clinics. The findings revealed that a lack of health focus and professional skills among healthcare staff can be considered as critical. This study recommends that policy and organizational changes are made to improve the women’s access to rural hospitals and clinics in Bangladesh.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)578-595
Number of pages18
JournalAgeing International
Issue number3
Early online date2 Aug 2021
Publication statusPublished - Sept 2022


  • Bangladesh
  • rural senior women
  • Rural senior women
  • Access to medical care
  • System determinants


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