The present study investigated the extent to which a face presented in the visual periphery is processed and whether such processing can be influenced by a recent encounter in central vision. To probe face processing, a series of studies was conducted in which participants classified the sex and identity of faces presented in central and peripheral vision. The results showed that when target faces had not been previously viewed in central vision, recognition in peripheral vision was limited whereas sex categorization was not. When faces were previously viewed in central vision, recognition in peripheral vision improved even with the pose, hairstyle, and lighting conditions of these faces changed. These results are discussed with regard to possible mechanisms unpinning this exposure effect.