Taxus suspension cell culture has the potential to provide a sustainable source of anticancer drug paclitaxel (Taxol ® ) and other taxoids. In the cell culture of Taxus chinensis, Taxuyunnanine C (Tc) is the primary taxoid. To design a rational strategy for redirecting the precursor fluxes from other taxoids into paclitaxel production, we employed Real-time Quantitative PCR (RQ-PCR) to understand the dynamic profiling of key biosynthetic pathway genes of palcitaxel and taxoids during the culture process. Six genes (TASY, TDAT, T5αH, TαH, T10βH and T14βH) were quantified under the process condition of double elicitation by 2, 3-dihydroxylpropanyl jasmonate (DHPJA) (100 μmol/L on day 7 and day 12), and sucrose feeding (20 g/L) on day 7. This process treatment led to a high accumulation of Tc at (554.46±21.28) mg/L 8 days after the first elicitation. Then 9 days after the second elicitation, Tc production was as high as (997.72±1.51) mg/L. The early pathway genes TASY and TDAT were significantly up-regulated by 182-fold and 98-fold, respectively for the first DHPJA elicitation and by 208-fold and 131-fold, respectively for the second elicitation. The induction occurred after each elicitation lasted for about 24 h before their abundances decreased. Things are somewhat different in the case of the other four genes T5αH, TαH, T10βH and T14βH. For gene TαH, it was highly up-regulated by 3061-fold for the first DHPJA elicitation and by 1016-fold for the second elicitation. For the other three genes T5αH, T10βH, T14βH, they were up-regulated by 13-fold, 38-fold and 20-fold, respectively for the first DHPJA elicitation and by 7-fold, 16-fold and 6-fold, respectively for the second elicitation. The RQ-PCR results showed that there is tight correlation between gene expression and Tc accumulation. Gene expression was in accordance with Tc yield. Elicitation could improve expression of six genes. While along with culture course, high expression of the genes weakened. Elicitation for the second time would promote high expression of the genes again.
|Number of pages||7|
|Journal||Shengwu Gongcheng Xuebao|
|Publication status||Published - Jan 2011|
- 2, 3-dihydroxylpropanyl jasmonate
- Real-time Quantitative PCR
- Taxus chinensis
- Taxuyunnanine C