Extracts from Calendula officinalis Offer in Vitro Protection Against H2O2 Induced Oxidative Stress Cell Killing of Human Skin Cells

Abdullah Alnuqaydan, Claire Lenehan, Rachel Hughes, Barbara Sanderson

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    14 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    The in vitro safety and antioxidant potential of Calendula officinalis flower head extracts was investigated. The effect of different concentrations (0.125, 0.5, 1.0, 2.0 and 5.0% (v/v)) of Calendula extracts on human skin cells HaCaT in vitro was explored. Doses of 1.0% (v/v) (0.88mg dry weight/mL) or less showed no toxicity. Cells were also exposed to the Calendula extracts for either 4, 24 or 48 h before being exposed to an oxidative insult (hydrogen peroxide H2O2) for 1 h. Using the MTT cytotoxicity assay, it was observed that two independent extracts of C. officinalis gave time-dependent and concentration-dependent H2O2 protection against induced oxidative stress in vitro using human skin cells. Pre-incubation with the Calendula extracts for 24 and 48 h increased survival relative to the population without extract by 20% and 40% respectively following oxidative challenge. The antioxidant potential of the Calendula extracts was confirmed using a complimentary chemical technique, the DPPH assay. Calendula extracts exhibited free radical scavenging abilities. This study demonstrates that Calendula flower extracts contain bioactive and free radical scavenging compounds that significantly protect against oxidative stress in a human skin cell culture model.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)120-124
    Number of pages5
    JournalPhytotherapy Research
    Volume29
    Issue number1
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - Jan 2015

    Keywords

    • Antioxidants
    • Calendula officinalis
    • Cytotoxicity
    • Flower extracts
    • Human cells.
    • Oxidative stress

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