Eyewitness identifications: The interaction between witness age and estimator variables

Jennifer L. Beaudry, Christina L. Bullard

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapterpeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)


In this chapter, research on memory trust and distrust in older adults is examined, specifically in the context of eyewitness memory. The majority of reasons people gave for their confidently held memories involved the phenomenological characteristics of the memories, such as clarity of emotion and the amount and vividness of visual and other sensory detail. One way of assessing whether older adults are more trustful or distrustful of their memories for their experiences than are younger adults is simply by having them rate their confidence in what they remember. Self-reported confidence and uncertainty ratings are one way to gauge memory trust and distrust in eyewitnesses. Eyewitness reports are often about traumatic, violent crimes; thus it is important to examine what is known about consistency in memory for emotional events in general. Negative feedback after choosing a suspect from a lineup can deflate eyewitnesses' confidence in their memory, and positive feedback can inflate confidence.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationThe Elderly Eyewitness in Court
EditorsMichael P. Toglia, David F. Ross, Joanna Pozzulo, Emily Pica
Place of PublicationNew York, USA
PublisherPsychology Press Taylor & Francis Group
Number of pages25
ISBN (Electronic)978-1-315-81393-6
ISBN (Print) 978-1-84872-538-6, 978-1-84872-613-0
Publication statusPublished - 2014
Externally publishedYes


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