Polysomnography with an epiglottic pressure catheter does not alter obstructive sleep apnea severity or sleep efficiency

Sophie G. Carter, Jayne C. Carberry, Ronald R. Grunstein, Danny J. Eckert

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

Pharyngeal and oesophageal manometry is used clinically and in research to quantify respiratory effort, upper-airway mechanics and the pathophysiological contributors to obstructive sleep apnea. However, the effects of this equipment on respiratory events and sleep in obstructive sleep apnea are unclear. As part of a clinical trial (ANZCTRN12613001106729), data from 28 participants who successfully completed a physiology night with an epiglottic catheter and nasal mask followed by a standard in-laboratory polysomnography were compared. The apnea–hypopnea index was not different during the physiology night versus standard polysomnography (22 ± 14 versus 23 ± 13 events per hr, p = 0.71). Key sleep parameters were also not different compared between conditions, including sleep efficiency (79 ± 13 versus 81 ± 11%, p = 0.31) and the arousal index (26 ± 11 versus 27 ± 11 arousals per hr, p = 0.83). There were, however, sleep stage distribution changes between nights with less N3 and rapid eye movement sleep and more N1 on the physiology night, with no difference in N2 (53 ± 15 versus 48 ± 9, p = 0.08). However, these changes did not increase next-day sleepiness. These findings indicate that while minor sleep stage distribution changes do occur towards lighter sleep, epiglottic manometry does not alter obstructive sleep apnea severity or sleep efficiency. Thus, epiglottic manometry can be used clinically and to collect detailed physiological information for research without major sleep disruption.

Original languageEnglish
Article numbere12773
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of Sleep Research
Volume28
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Oct 2019
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Obstructive sleep apnea
  • sleep efficiency
  • respiratory effort
  • Upper-airway physiology

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