Facilitating the relocation of an intensive care unit from shared room to single room setting: Staff perceptions on the effectiveness of a multicomponent intervention

Frances Fengzhi Lin, Wendy Chaboyer, Michelle Foster, Lucy Hervey, Andrea P. Marshall

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background: Current strategies for new and redesigned intensive care units (ICUs) involve incorporation of single occupancy rooms. These changes have largely been made for infection control and patient privacy reasons. However, there is limited literature available on how to manage the transition of an ICU from shared room to a single room environment. Aims: The aim of this study was to evaluate staff members' perceived effectiveness of a multicomponent intervention to facilitate transition from a shared to a single room setting. Methods: This qualitative study was conducted in a 20-bed ICU of an Australian tertiary teaching hospital. In total, 24 staff members were interviewed in five groups and five individual interviews 6 months after the ICU relocation. Findings: Three themes emerged from data analysis: (1) facilitating staff members' transition and engagement during relocation planning; (2) simulating new work processes for the single room setting; and (3) supporting nurses working in the single rooms. The components of the intervention, including the change agent, the relocation working party, Assistance, Coordination, Contingency, Education, Supervision, and Support nurse rounding model, and the safe single room model, were perceived as important strategies to support the relocation transition. The regular newsletter and the information dissemination strategy informed by the social networking survey were viewed to improve communication. Staffing levels and education models that are suitable for the single room setting were identified as areas for improvement. Discussion and Conclusion: A systematic change management approach, clear communication, staff engagement, and continuously monitoring new work processes are important strategies to ensure the success of the relocation. Delivery of education in the clinical area needs to be further explored to ascertain the impact of a single room environment on its delivery. Intervention co-creation involving research team members and the clinical staff was important in building change management capacity, which may contribute to intervention sustainability and continued clinical practice improvement.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)279-284
Number of pages6
JournalAustralian Critical Care
Volume32
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jul 2019
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Change management
  • Evaluation
  • Expansive learning theory
  • Implementation
  • Intensive care units
  • Intervention
  • Relocation
  • Single room
  • Teamwork
  • Transition

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