Factors associated with glycemic control among adult patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus: A cross-sectional survey in Ethiopia

Tefera Kassahun, Tesfahun Eshetie, Hailay Gesesew

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    Abstract

    Background: Even though the prevalence of type 2 diabetes mellitus is swelling rapidly in Ethiopia, data regarding glycemic control, a key strategy for marked reduction of diabetes mellitus complications, is scant. We have assessed the status of glycemic control and its contributing factors among adult patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus. Methods: This was a facility based cross-sectional survey of 325 adults with type 2 diabetes mellitus attending in Jimma University Teaching Hospital, South west Ethiopia. Data from all the patients were collected between February and April 2014. Glycemic level was assessed by using fasting blood glucose level, and 'poor glycemic control' was defined when fasting blood glucose level was above 130 mg/dL (7 mm/L). Analysis included both descriptive and inferential statistics, and SPSS version 20.0 was used for all analysis. Results: 309 respondents were included in the survey. More than two-third (70.9 %) of the patients had poor blood glycemic control. Patients who were illiterate (AOR = 3.46, 95 % CI 1.01-11.91) and farmer (AOR = 2.47, 95 % CI 1.13-5.39) had high odds of poor glycemic control. In addition, taking combination of insulin and oral medication (AOR = 4.59, 95 % CI 1.05-20.14) and poor medication adherence (AOR = 5.08 95 % CI 2.02-12.79) associated statistically with poor glycemic control. Conclusion: Majority of patients had poor glycemic control. Patients with low level of education, being employed, on combinations of insulin and oral medication, and lower adherence to their medication were likely to have poor glycemic control. Education and awareness creation could be a cross cutting intervention for the significant factors.

    Original languageEnglish
    Article number78
    Number of pages6
    JournalBMC Research Notes
    Volume9
    Issue number1
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 9 Feb 2016

    Bibliographical note

    Open Access This article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons license, and indicate if changes were made. The Creative Commons Public Domain Dedication waiver (http://creativecommons.org/publicdomain/zero/1.0/) applies to the data made available in this article, unless otherwise stated.

    Keywords

    • Cross-sectional
    • Ethiopia
    • Fast blood glucose
    • Glycemic control
    • Type 2 diabetic mellitus

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