Factors influencing chloride deposition in a coastal hilly area and application to chloride deposition mapping

Huade Guan, Andrew Love, Craig Simmons, Oleg Makhnin, Amhet Kayaalp

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    32 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    Chloride is commonly used as an environmental tracer for studying water flow and solute transport in the environment. It is especially useful for estimating groundwater recharge based on the commonly used chloride mass balance (CMB) method. Strong spatial variability in chloride deposition in coastal areas is one difficulty encountered in appropriately applying the method. A high-resolution bulk chloride deposition map in the coastal region is thus needed. The aim of this study is to construct a chloride deposition map in the Mount Lofty Ranges (MLR), a coastal hilly area of approximately 9000 km2 spatial extent in South Australia. We examined geographic (related to coastal distance), orographic, and atmospheric factors that may influence chloride deposition, using partial correlation and regression analyses. The results indicate that coastal distance, elevation, as well as terrain aspect and slope, appear to be significant factors controlling chloride deposition in the study area. Coastal distance accounts for 70% of spatial variability in bulk chloride deposition, with elevation, terrain aspect and slope an additional 15%. The results are incorporated into a de-trended residual kriging model (ASOADeK) to produce a 1 km 1 km resolution bulk chloride deposition and concentration maps. The average uncertainty of the deposition map is about 20-30% in the western MLR, and 40-50% in the eastern MLR. The maps will form a useful basis for examining catchment chloride balance for the CMB application in the study area.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)801-813
    Number of pages13
    JournalHydrology and Earth System Sciences
    Volume14
    Issue number5
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 2010

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