Factors influencing the delivery of the fundamentals of care: Perceptions of nurses, nursing leaders and healthcare consumers

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

9 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Aims and objectives: To explore the factors described by nurses and consumer representatives influencing the delivery of the fundamentals of care. Background: An ongoing challenge facing nursing is ensuring the “basics” or fundamentals of care are delivered optimally. The way nurses and patients perceive the delivery of the fundamentals of care had not been explored. Once identified, the factors that promote the delivery of the fundamentals of care may be facilitated. Design: Inductive content analysis of scenario based focus groups. Methods: A qualitative approach was taken using three stages, including direct observation, focus groups and interviews. This paper reports the second stage. Focus groups discussed four patient care scenarios derived from the observational data. Focus groups were conducted separately for registered nurses, nurses in leadership roles and consumer representatives. Content analysis was used. Results: The analysis of the focus group data resulted in three themes: Organisational factors; Individual nurse or patient factors; and Interpersonal factors. Organisational factors include nursing leadership, the context of care delivery and the availability of time. Individual nurse and patient factors include the specific care needs of the patient and the individual nurse and patient characteristics. Interpersonal factors include the nurse–patient relationship; involving the patient in their care, ensuring understanding and respecting choices; communication; and setting care priorities. Conclusions: Seeking the perspective of the people involved in delivering and receiving the fundamentals of care showed a shared understanding of the factors influencing the delivery of the fundamentals of care. The influence of nursing leadership and the quality of the nurse–patient relationship were perceived as important factors. Relevance to clinical practice: Nurses and consumers share a common perspective of the factors influencing the delivery of the fundamentals of care and both value a therapeutic nurse–patient relationship. Clinical nursing leaders must understand the impact of their role in shaping the delivery of the fundamentals of care.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2373-2386
Number of pages14
JournalJournal of Clinical Nursing
Volume27
Issue number11-12
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2018
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • consumers
  • focus groups
  • Leadership
  • nnurse–patient relationship
  • nursing care
  • qualitative study

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