Factors Related to Underweight Prevalence among 33,776 Children Below 60 Months Old Living in Northern Geopolitical Zones, Nigeria (2008–2018)

Piwuna C. Goson, Tanko Ishaya, Osita K. Ezeh, Gladys H. Oforkansi, David Lim, Kingsley E. Agho

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

27 Downloads (Pure)

Abstract

The prevalence of underweight among children below 60 months old in Nigeria remains a significant public health challenge, especially in northern geopolitical zones (NGZ), ranging from 15% to 35%. This study investigates time-based trends in underweight prevalence and its related characteristics among NGZ children below 60 months old. Extracted NGZ representative dataset of 33,776 live births from the Nigeria Demographic and Health Survey between 2008 and 2018 was used to assess the characteristics related to underweight prevalence in children aged 0–23, 24–59, and 0–59 months using multilevel logistics regression. Findings showed that 11,313 NGZ children below 60 months old were underweight, and 24–59-month-old children recorded the highest prevalence (34.8%; 95% confidence interval: 33.5–36.2). Four factors were consistently significantly related to underweight prevalence in children across the three age groups: poor or average-income households, maternal height, children who had diarrhoea episodes, and children living in the northeast or northwest. Intervention initiatives that include poverty alleviation through cash transfer, timely health checks of offspring of short mothers, and adequate clean water and sanitation infrastructure to reduce the incidence of diarrhoea can substantially reduce underweight prevalence among children in NGZ in Nigeria.

Original languageEnglish
Article number2042
Number of pages16
JournalNutrients
Volume14
Issue number10
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2 May 2022
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • children below 60 months old
  • multilevel logistics regression
  • northern geopolitical zone
  • trends in underweight
  • underweight in children
  • underweight prevalence

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'Factors Related to Underweight Prevalence among 33,776 Children Below 60 Months Old Living in Northern Geopolitical Zones, Nigeria (2008–2018)'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this