Family experiences of the management of challenging behaviours after traumatic brain injury in the acute hospital setting

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Abstract

Purpose
This study explored experiences of the management of challenging behaviours after traumatic brain injury (TBI) in the acute hospital setting from the perspectives of family members.

Materials and Methods
A qualitative, interpretive phenomenological approach was adopted involving semi-structured interviews with 10 family members. Interviews were transcribed and analysed using thematic analysis, with Ecological Systems Theory applied as a guiding framework to discuss findings and implications for practice.

Results
Four primary themes were identified: 1) The hospital environment; 2) Hospital staffing; 3) Identifying and preventing triggers, and 4) Family support and information.

Conclusions
This qualitative study highlights the need for further information, education, and support to families of patients with TBI in the acute setting. Further research investigating the implementation of best practice approaches for managing challenging behaviours practice in acute settings is needed to overcome the barriers of the hospital environment, inexperienced and inconsistent staffing, and difficulties identifying triggers within the acute hospital setting, experienced by families. Approaches for family involvement in behaviour management strategies, and facilitation of communication for people with TBI in the acute setting requires exploration.
Original languageEnglish
Number of pages10
JournalDisability and Rehabilitation
Early online date16 Nov 2023
DOIs
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 16 Nov 2023

Keywords

  • Traumatic brain injury
  • acute care
  • behaviour
  • challenging behaviour
  • family
  • hospitals

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