Fast object detection in pastoral landscapes using a Colour Feature Extreme Learning Machine

Edmund J. Sadgrove, Greg Falzon, David Miron, David Lamb

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

13 Citations (Scopus)


Object detection is an essential function of robotics based agricultural systems and many algorithms exist for this purpose. Colour although an important characteristic is often avoided in place of faster grey-scale implementations or is only used in an rudimentary arrangement. This study presents the Colour Feature Extreme Learning Machine (CF-ELM), which is an implementation of the extreme learning machine (ELM), with a partially connected hidden layer and a fully connected output layer, taking three colour inputs instead of the standard grey-scale input. The CF-ELM was tested with three different colour systems including HSV, RGB and Y'UV and compared for time and accuracy against the standard grey-scale ELM. The four implementations were tested on three different datasets including weed detection, vehicle detection and stock detection. It was found that the colour implementation performed better overall for all three datasets and the Y'UV was best performing colour system on all tested datasets. With the Y'UV delivering the highest accuracy in weed detection at 84%, 96% in vehicle detection and 86% in stock detection. Along side the CF-ELM, an algorithm is introduced for desktop based classification of objects within a pastoral landscape, with individual speeds between 0.06 s and 0.18 s for a single image, tested within each colour space. The algorithm is designed for use in a scenario that provides difficult and unpredictable terrain, making it ideal for use in an agricultural or pastoral landscape.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)204-212
Number of pages9
Publication statusPublished - 15 Jun 2017
Externally publishedYes


  • Colour image
  • Extreme learning machine
  • Object detection
  • Stock monitoring
  • Vehicle detection
  • Weed detection


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