Female in-nest chatter song increases predation

Sonia Kleindorfer, Christine Evans, Katharina Mahr

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

    22 Citations (Scopus)


    Female song is an ancestral trait in songbirds, yet extant females generally sing less than males. Here, we examine sex differences in the predation cost of singing behaviour. The superb fairy-wren (Malurus cyaneus) is a Southern Hemisphere songbird; males and females provision the brood and produce solo song year-round. Both sexes had higher song rate during the fertile period and lower song rate during incubation and chick feeding. Females were more likely than males to sing close to or inside the nest. For this reason, female but not male song rate predicted egg and nestling predation. This study identifies a high fitness cost of song when a parent bird attends offspring inside a nest and explains gender differences in singing when there are gender differences in parental care.

    Original languageEnglish
    Article number20150513
    Pages (from-to)Art: 20150513
    Number of pages4
    JournalBiology Letters
    Issue number1
    Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2016


    • Maluridae
    • Nest attendance
    • Predation risk
    • Reproductive cost
    • Song rate
    • Superb fairy-wren


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