Objective To assess the accuracy of fetal fibronectin (fFN) testing for prediction of preterm labour in asymptomatic high-risk women with a cervical cerclage. Design Retrospective observational study. Setting United Kingdom. Population Nine hundred and ten asymptomatic women at high-risk of Preterm birth referred to specialist antenatal clinics and undergoing fFN testing between November 1997 and December 2007. Methods Women had fFN tests taken between 23+0 and 27+6 weeks' gestation, on one or more occasions. Main outcome measures Sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive values and negative predictive values of fFN testing for predicting delivery <30 and <37 weeks were compared in those with and without cerclage. Results For delivery <30 weeks' gestation, the specificity of fFN testing was significantly lower in women with cervical cerclage (77% vs 90%; P ≤ 0.00001). The sensitivity of the test was similar between the groups (78.6 (no-cerclage) vs 60% (cerclage); P > 0.4). The negative predictive value of the fFN test for delivery <30 weeks was high in both groups (>98%). Conclusions Asymptomatic high-risk women with cerclage in situ are more likely to have a false positive fFN test. The negative predictive value is similar.
|Number of pages||5|
|Journal||BJOG: An International Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology|
|Publication status||Published - May 2009|
Copyright 2009 Elsevier B.V., All rights reserved.
- Fetal fibronectin
- Sensitivity and specificity
- Spontaneous preterm birth