Fit for purpose. Co-production of complex behavioural interventions. A practical guide and exemplar of co-producing a telehealth-delivered exercise intervention for people with stroke

Emily R. Ramage, Meredith Burke, Margaret Galloway, Ian D. Graham, Heidi Janssen, Dianne L. Marsden, Amanda J. Patterson, Michael Pollack, Catherine M. Said, Elizabeth A. Lynch, Coralie English

Research output: Contribution to journalComment/debate

3 Citations (Scopus)
2 Downloads (Pure)

Abstract

Background: Careful development of interventions using principles of co-production is now recognized as an important step for clinical trial development, but practical guidance on how to do this in practice is lacking. This paper aims (1) provide practical guidance for researchers to co-produce interventions ready for clinical trial by describing the 4-stage process we followed, the challenges experienced and practical tips for researchers wanting to co-produce an intervention for a clinical trial; (2) describe, as an exemplar, the development of our intervention package. Method: We used an Integrated Knowledge Translation (IKT) approach to co-produce a telehealth-delivered exercise program for people with stroke. The 4-stage process comprised of (1) a start-up planning phase with the co-production team. (2) Content development with knowledge user informants. (3) Design of an intervention protocol. (4) Protocol refinement. Results and reflections: The four stages of intervention development involved an 11-member co-production team and 32 knowledge user informants. Challenges faced included balancing conflicting demands of different knowledge user informant groups, achieving shared power and collaborative decision making, and optimising knowledge user input. Components incorporated into the telehealth-delivered exercise program through working with knowledge user informants included: increased training for intervention therapists; increased options to tailor the intervention to participant’s needs and preferences; and re-naming of the program. Key practical tips include ways to minimise the power differential between researchers and consumers, and ensure adequate preparation of the co-production team. Conclusion: Careful planning and a structured process can facilitate co-production of complex interventions ready for clinical trial. Graphical Abstract: [Figure not available: see fulltext.]

Original languageEnglish
Article number2
Number of pages14
JournalHealth Research Policy and Systems
Volume20
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2022

Keywords

  • Co-design
  • Co-production
  • Integrated knowledge translation
  • Intervention development
  • Research design
  • Research partnership
  • Stakeholder participation
  • Stroke

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