Florabank Guidelines Module 7: Seed Production

Paul Gibson-Roy, Martin F. Breed, Martin Driver, Peter Harrison, Susan Logie, Tim Zwiersen, Tim Berryman

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapterpeer-review


This guideline is an introduction to the establishment and use of seed production areas (SPA) for native species. It focuses on the production of seed from native plants primarily for the purpose of restoring ecological communities that have been degraded or destroyed (noting that native seed is sought and used for a variety of other reasons). It also includes guidance on circumstances where SPAs are appropriate, approaches to planning, designing, establishing, and maintaining seed production areas, as well harvesting and processing the seed they produce. While acknowledging some similarities between the systems, the guide will not focus on forestry tree seed orchards, which are described as output systems to produce genetically improved material (Sweet 1995, Funda and El-Kassaby 2012).

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationFlorabank Guidelines
Subtitle of host publicationbest practice guidelines for native seed collection and use
EditorsLucy E Commander
PublisherFlorabank Consortium
Number of pages39
Edition2nd Edition
ISBN (Electronic)9780975219157, 0975219154
Publication statusPublished - 2021


  • seed production
  • seed production areas (SPA)
  • native plants
  • restoration of ecological communities
  • forestry tree seed orchards


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