Freeze-drying improves DNA yield from teeth

Rabiah A. Rahmat, Melissa A. Humphries, Adrian M.T. Linacre, Arif Malik, Nor A. Saedon, Jeremy J. Austin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


The common method of preparing teeth prior to DNA extraction involves cleaning, decontamination, drying and pulverisation. Moisture in post-mortem teeth can promote bacterial growth and hydrolytic damage that could contribute to DNA degradation, whilst also possibly reducing the efficiency of sample pulverisation and DNA release. Here we compared DNA extraction from pig teeth, with- and without freeze-drying, to examine the impact of removing moisture on DNA yield. Quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction (qPCR) was used to quantify an 83 bp mitochondrial DNA fragment and two nuclear DNA fragments of 82 bp and 150 bp. The comparative results showed that sample preparation with freeze-drying resulted in a higher DNA yield without compromising the DNA quality. This study highlights the advantage of incorporating a freeze-drying to improve the DNA yield and minimising the loss of DNA during sample preparation of teeth.

Original languageEnglish
Article number110938
Number of pages5
JournalForensic Science International
Publication statusPublished - Sep 2021


  • DNA extraction
  • Freeze-drying
  • Quantitative polymerase chain reaction
  • Sample preparation
  • Teeth


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