FRP-confined Concrete in Circular Sections: Review and Assessment of Stress-strain Models

Togay Ozbakkaloglu, Jian Lim, Thomas Vincent

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

    374 Citations (Scopus)


    An important application of FRP composites is as a confining material for concrete, in both the seismic retrofit of existing reinforced concrete columns and in the construction of concrete-filled FRP tubes as earthquake-resistant columns in new construction. Reliable design of these structural members necessitates clear understanding and accurate modeling of the stress-strain behavior of FRP-confined concrete. To that end, a great number of studies have been conducted in the past two decades, which has led to the development of a large number of models to predict the stress-strain behavior of FRP-confined concrete under axial compression. This paper presents a comprehensive review of 88 models developed to predict the axial stress-strain behavior of FRP-confined concrete in circular sections. Each of the reviewed models and their theoretical bases are summarized and the models are classified into two broad categories, namely design-oriented and analysis-oriented models. This review summarizes the current published literature until the end of 2011, and presents a unified framework for future reference. To provide a comprehensive assessment of the performances of the reviewed models, a large and reliable test database containing the test results of 730 FRP-confined concrete cylinders tested under monotonic axial compression is first established. The performance of each existing stress-strain model is then assessed using this database, and the results of this assessment are presented through selected statistical indicators. In the final part of the paper, a critical discussion is presented on the important factors that influenced the overall performances of the models. A close examination of results of the model assessment has led to a number of important conclusions on the strengths and weaknesses of the existing stress-strain models, which are clearly summarized. Based on these observations, a number of recommendations regarding future research directions are also outlined.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)1068-1088
    Number of pages21
    Issue numberApril
    Publication statusPublished - Apr 2013


    • Axial strain
    • Axial stress
    • Concrete
    • Confinement
    • Fiber reinforced polymer
    • Strength models
    • Stress-strain models


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