Full-length transcriptome of Thalassiosira weissflogii as a reference resource and mining of chitin-related genes

Haomiao Cheng, Chris Bowler, Xiaohui Xing, Vincent Bulone, Zhanru Shao, Delin Duan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

β-Chitin produced by diatoms is expected to have significant economic and ecological value due to its structure, which consists of parallel chains of chitin, its properties and the high abundance of diatoms. Nevertheless, few studies have functionally characterised chitin-related genes in diatoms owing to the lack of omics-based information. In this study, we first compared the chitin content of three representative Thalassiosira species. Cell wall glycosidic linkage analysis and chitin/chitosan staining assays showed that Thalassiosira weissflogii was an appropriate candidate chitin producer. A full-length (FL) transcriptome of T. weissflogii was obtained via PacBio sequencing. In total, the FL transcriptome comprised 23, 362 annotated unigenes, 710 long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs), 363 transcription factors (TFs), 3113 alternative splicing (AS) events and 3295 simple sequence repeats (SSRs). More specifically, 234 genes related to chitin metabolism were identified and the complete biosynthetic pathways of chitin and chitosan were explored. The information presented here will facilitate T. weissflogii molecular research and the exploitation of β-chitin-derived high-value enzymes and products.

Original languageEnglish
Article number392
Number of pages13
JournalMarine Drugs
Volume19
Issue number7
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jul 2021
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Chitin
  • Chitosan
  • Full-length transcriptome
  • Pacbio sequencing
  • Thalassiosira weissflogii

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