Overcoming recalcitrance of lignin has motivated bioprospecting of high-yielding enzymes from environmental ligninolytic microorganisms associated with lignocellulose degrading-systems. Here, we performed isolation of 21 ligninolytic strains belonging to the genus Klebsiella spp., driven by the presence of lignin in the media. The fastest-growing strains (FP10-5.23, FP10-5.22 and P3TM1) reached the stationary phase in approximately 24 h, in the media containing lignin as the main carbon source. The strains showed biochemical evidence of ligninolytic potential in liquid- and solid media-converting dyes, which the molecular structures are similar to lignin fragments. In liquid medium, higher levels of dye decolorization was observed for P3TM.1 in the presence of methylene blue, reaching 98% decolorization in 48 h. The highest index values (1.25) were found for isolates P3TM.1 and FP10-5.23, in the presence of toluidine blue. The genomic analysis revealed the presence of more than 20 genes associated with known prokaryotic lignin-degrading systems. Identification of peroxidases (lignin peroxidase—LiP, dye-decolorizing peroxidase—DyP, manganese peroxidase—MnP) and auxiliary activities (AA2, AA3, AA6 and AA10 families) among the genetic repertoire suggest the ability to produce extracellular enzymes able to attack phenolic and non-phenolic lignin structures. Our results suggest that the Klebsiella spp. associated with fresh water and soil may play important role in the cycling of recalcitrant molecules in the Caatinga (desert-like Brazilian biome), and represent a potential source of lignin-degrading enzymes with biotechnological applications.
- Lignin-degrading enzymes
- Lignocellulosic biomass