Functional Voice Disorders: Clinical Presentations and Differential Diagnosis

Janet Baker

    Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

    7 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    In this chapter, an overview of the heterogeneous group of functional voice disorders is given, including the psychogenic voice disorder (PVD) and hyperfunctional or muscle tension voice disorder (MTVD) subgroups. Reference is made to prevalence and demographic data, with empiric evidence for psychosocial factors commonly associated with the onset and maintenance of these disorders. Clinical features that distinguish between the different presentations of PVD and MTVD are described. While there are some shared characteristics, key differences between these two subgroups indicate that PVD more closely resembles the psychogenic movement disorders and a range of other functional neurologic disorders. Assessment procedures and auditory-perceptual features of the voice that distinguish these disorders from the neurologically based voice disorders are discussed, with case examples highlighting ambiguous features that may influence differential diagnosis. The clinical profiles of PVD and MTVD affirm approaches to clinical management by speech-language pathologists that integrate symptomatic behavioral voice therapy with “top-down” models of counseling or psychotherapy. They also support the proposition that PVD may be construed as a subtype of functional neurologic disorders.

    Original languageEnglish
    Title of host publicationHandbook of Clinical Neurology: Functional Neurologic Disorders
    PublisherElsevier
    Pages389-406
    Number of pages18
    Volume139
    Edition1st
    ISBN (Print)9780128017722
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 2016

    Publication series

    NameHandbook of Clinical Neurology
    Volume139
    ISSN (Print)0072-9752
    ISSN (Electronic)2212-4152

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  • Cite this

    Baker, J. (2016). Functional Voice Disorders: Clinical Presentations and Differential Diagnosis. In Handbook of Clinical Neurology: Functional Neurologic Disorders (1st ed., Vol. 139, pp. 389-406). (Handbook of Clinical Neurology; Vol. 139). Elsevier. https://doi.org/10.1016/B978-0-12-801772-2.00034-5