Game-based and direct instruction coaching through a spectrum of teaching styles lens

Brendan SueSee, Shane Pill

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapterpeer-review


This chapter examines how The Spectrum allows the coaching models to be viewed in terms of the decisions being made to identify the complexities of the coaching model and to test the model’s assumptions. It do this by viewing two game-based coaching approach (GBA) scenarios and place them on The Spectrum to identify the intricacies and complexities of the GBAs. The Spectrum’s structure is underpinned by the concept that every deliberate act of teaching is a result of a previous decision. Mosston suggested that these numerous decisions could be made in three places: the pre-impact set, the impact set and the post-impact set. Direct Instruction is sometimes labelled ‘traditional’ coaching or the historically ‘common’ coaching approach. It is typically characterised as the coach-centred, direct or command instruction, focused on replication of highly prescribed movement models and therefore sometimes also called a technical model of coaching.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationThe Spectrum of Sport Coaching Styles
EditorsShane Pill, Brendan SueSee, Joss Rankin, Mitch Hewitt
PublisherRoutledge, Taylor & Francis
Number of pages11
ISBN (Electronic)978-1-003-04144-3
ISBN (Print)978-0-367-48522-1, 978-0-367-48518-4
Publication statusPublished - 2022


  • Education
  • Physical education
  • Coaching


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