A variety of theoretical methods have been used to study the gas-phase acidity of benzene and its eleven fluorine-substituted derivatives: fluorobenzene, three isomers of difluorobenezene, three isomers of trifluorobenzene, three isomers of tetrafluorobenzene and 1,2,3,4,5-pentafluorobenzene. The high-level ab initio methods, G3//B3-LYP and CBS-QB3, are shown to reproduce experimental data to within an average of 1.9 and 1.4 kcal mol-1, respectively. Of the lower-cost methods studied, M05-2X and MP2 showed the best overall performance with mean absolute deviations of just 1.2 and 1.1 kcal mol-1, respectively. The effect of substitution and position on the acidity of the protons in the various compounds are studied and the structure-reactivity trends in these heterolytic C-H bond dissociation energies (BDEs) are compared with the corresponding homolytic C-H BDEs for the same species.
- Ab initio
- Gas- phase acidity