Gastrointestinal myoelectric activity in conscious guinea pigs

J. J. Galligan, M. Costa, J. B. Furness

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    Myoelectric activity was recorded from the gastric antrum and small intestine of conscious, unrestrained guinea pigs using bipolar Ag-Ag chloride electrodes that had been previously implanted under pentobarbital sodium/Innovar anesthesia. In fasted guinea pigs, the migrating myoelectric complex (MMC) was recorded from the small intestine and was observed to propagate aborally at a speed that declined with distance from the pylorus (range of speeds of the front of phase 3: 17.5 cm/min in the duodenum to 4.1 cm/min in the ileum). The complex was not disrupted by feeding but occurred less frequently in the freely fed state (82-min cycle period in the fasted state versus 139 min in the fed state). The complex started in the duodenum and was accompanied by a brief (6.3 ± 0.9 min) period of inhibition of antral myoelectric activity. Slow waves were also recorded from the gastric antrum (10.3 ± 1.3/min) and the small intestine. The frequency of intestinal slow waves was uniform along the length of the bowel (26.2 ± 1.3/min in the duodenum to 24.7 ± 1.3/min in the ileum). It is concluded that the guina pig is similar to other mammalian species, so far examined, in its pattern of gastrointestinal myoelectric activity.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)G92-G99
    Number of pages8
    JournalAmerican Journal of Physiology: Gastrointestinal and Liver Physiology
    Issue number1
    Publication statusPublished - Jul 1985


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