Gemfibrozil improves lipid metabolism in Nile tilapia Oreochromis niloticus fed a high-carbohydrate diet through peroxisome proliferator activated receptor-α activation

Yuan Luo, Chun Ting Hu, Fang Qiao, Xiao Dan Wang, Jian G. Qin, Zhen Yu Du, Li Qiao Chen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

High carbohydrate diet (HCD) can induce lipid metabolism disorder, characterized by excessive lipid in farmed fish. Peroxisome proliferator activated receptor-α (PPARα) plays an important role in lipid homeostasis. In this study, we hypothesize that PPARα can improve lipid metabolism in fish fed HCD. Fish (3.03 ± 0.11 g) were fed with three diets: control (30% carbohydrate), HCD (45% carbohydrate) and HCG (HCD supplemented with 200 mg/kg gemfibrozil, an agonist of PPARα) for eight weeks. The fish fed HCG had higher growth rate and protein effiency than those fed the HCD diet, whereas the opposite trend was observed in feed conversion ratio, hepatosomatic index and mesenteric fat index. Additionally, fish fed HCG significantly decreased lipid accumulation in the whole body, liver and adipose tissues compared to those fed the HCD diet. Furthermore, fish in the HCG group significantly increased the mRNA and protein expression and protein dephosphorylation of PPARα. The HCG group also significantly increased the mRNA level of the downstream target genes of PPARα, whereas the opposite trend occured in the mRNA level of lipolysis-related genes compared to the HCD group. Besides, fish in the HCG group remarkably decreased the contents of alanine aminotransferase, aspartate aminotransferase and malondialdehyde, whereas the opposite occured in the activities of antioxidative enzymes and anti-inflammatory cytokine genes compared to the HCD group. This study indicates that gemfibrozil can improve lipid metabolism and maintain high antioxidant and anti-inflammatory capacity through activating PPARα in Nile tilapia fed a high carbohydrate diet.

Original languageEnglish
Article number113537
Number of pages9
JournalGeneral and Comparative Endocrinology
Volume296
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 15 Sep 2020

Keywords

  • Gemfibrozil
  • High carbohydrate diet
  • Lipid accumulation
  • Oreochromis niloticus
  • PPARα activation

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