Gender, parental education, and experiences of bullying victimization by Australian adolescents with and without a disability

A. Kavanagh, N. Priest, E. Emerson, A. Milner, T. King

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

11 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background: This study sought to compare the prevalence of bullying victimization between adolescents with and without a disability and between adolescents with and without borderline intellectual functioning or intellectual disability (BIF/ID). We also sought to assess whether the relationships between either disability or BIF/ID and bullying victimization vary by gender and parental education. Methods: The sample included 3,956 12- to 13-year-old adolescents who participated in Wave 5 of the Longitudinal Study of Australian Children. Three indicators of bullying were used: physical bullying victimization, social bullying victimization, and “any bullying victimization.” We used Poisson regression to obtain the prevalence risk ratios (PRR) of bullying by disability status adjusting for potential confounders. Results: In adjusted models, we found evidence that social bullying victimization was more prevalent among adolescents with a disability than those without a disability (PRR 1.29, 95% confidence interval [CI] 1.06–1.42) and between adolescents with BIF/ID than those without (PRR 1.24, 95% CI 1.07–1.44). Adolescents with BIF/ID were also more likely to experience “any bullying victimization”(PRR 1.10, 95% CI 1.00–1.22). Having a disability and living in a family with low parental education were associated with an elevated risk of social bullying victimization BIF/ID. Conclusions: Adolescents with disabilities and BIF/ID are at elevated risk of social bullying victimization. School-based antibullying initiatives should concentrate on enhancing the inclusion of adolescents with disabilities, with an emphasis on adolescents from disadvantaged backgrounds.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)332-341
Number of pages10
JournalChild: Care, Health and Development
Volume44
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Mar 2018
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • adolescents
  • bullying victimization
  • disability
  • intellectual disability
  • longitudinal study

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