Genome analysis of the obligately lytic bacteriophage 4268 of Lactococcus lactis provides insight into its adaptable nature

Maeve Trotter, Olivia McAuliffe, Michael Callanan, Rob Edwards, Gerald F. Fitzgerald, Aidan Coffey, R. Paul Ross

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

19 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Analysis of the complete nucleotide sequence of the lactococcal phage 4268, which is lytic for the cheese starter Lactococcus lactis DPC4268, is presented. Phage 4268 has a linear genome of 36,596 bp, which is modularly organised and encompasses 49 open reading frames. Putative functions were assigned to approximately 45% of the predicted products of these open reading frames based on sequence similarity with known proteins, N-terminal sequence analysis and identification of conserved domains. Significantly, a segment of the genome has homology to the recently sequenced lysogenic module in lactococcal phage φ31 that contains a lytic switch but no phage integrase or attachment site. This suggests that it is derived from a prophage. A phage 4268-encoded and a host-encoded methylase were found to be highly similar, having only two nucleotide mismatches, suggesting that the phage acquired the methylase gene to protect it from a host endonuclease. Comparative genomic analysis revealed significant homology between phage 4268 and the lactococcal phage BK5-T. The comparative analysis also supported the classification of phage 4268 and other BK5-T-related phage as separate from the proposed P335 species of lactococcal phage.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)189-199
Number of pages11
JournalGene
Volume366
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 17 Jan 2006
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Bacteriophage
  • BK5-T
  • Genome
  • Lactococcus
  • Taxonomy

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Genome analysis of the obligately lytic bacteriophage 4268 of Lactococcus lactis provides insight into its adaptable nature'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this