Genomic comparison of the closely-related Salmonella enterica serovars Enteritidis, Dublin and Gallinarum

T. David Matthews, Robert Schmieder, Genivaldo G.Z. Silva, Julia Busch, Noriko Cassman, Bas E. Dutilh, Dawn Green, Brian Matlock, Brian Heffernan, Gary J. Olsen, Leigh Farris Hanna, Dieter M. Schifferli, Stanley Maloy, Elizabeth A. Dinsdale, Robert A. Edwards

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

27 Citations (Scopus)


The Salmonella enterica serovars Enteritidis, Dublin, and Gallinarum are closely related but differ in virulence and host range. To identify the genetic elements responsible for these differences and to better understand how these serovars are evolving, we sequenced the genomes of Enteritidis strain LK5 and Dublin strain SARB12 and compared these genomes to the publicly available Enteritidis P125109, Dublin CT 02021853 and Dublin SD3246 genome sequences. We also compared the publicly available Gallinarum genome sequences from biotype Gallinarum 287/91 and Pullorum RKS5078. Using bioinformatic approaches, we identified single nucleotide polymorphisms, insertions, deletions, and differences in prophage and pseudogene content between strains belonging to the same serovar. Through our analysis we also identified several prophage cargo genes and pseudogenes that affect virulence and may contribute to a host-specific, systemic lifestyle. These results strongly argue that the Enteritidis, Dublin and Gallinarum serovars of Salmonella enterica evolve by acquiring new genes through horizontal gene transfer, followed by the formation of pseudogenes. The loss of genes necessary for a gastrointestinal lifestyle ultimately leads to a systemic lifestyle and niche exclusion in the host-specific serovars.

Original languageEnglish
Article numbere0126883
Number of pages18
JournalPLoS One
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - 3 Jun 2015
Externally publishedYes

Bibliographical note

This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.


  • salmonella enterica serovar dublin
  • salmonella enterica serovar gallinarum
  • salmonella enterica serovar enteritidis
  • genomic comparison
  • serovars


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