Gift Giving and Corruption

Adam Graycar, David Jancsics

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

18 Citations (Scopus)


When individuals exchange gifts, social bonds are strengthened and reciprocity is created. If the gift and the reciprocation both come from private resources, it is clearly a gift. If what is reciprocated after a gift is given comes from an organization, or is a government resource rather than from “one’s own pocket” then it is most likely a bribe. This study reviews the anthropological literature on gift giving and constructs a typology for examining the gift/bribe distinction in public administration. This classification helps distinguish analytically among different gift practices and clarify conceptual ambiguity of the terms gift and bribe.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1013-1023
Number of pages11
JournalInternational Journal of Public Administration
Issue number12
Publication statusPublished - 15 Oct 2017


  • Anthropology
  • corruption
  • gift giving
  • public administration


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