Gift Giving and Corruption

Adam Graycar, David Jancsics

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

12 Citations (Scopus)


When individuals exchange gifts, social bonds are strengthened and reciprocity is created. If the gift and the reciprocation both come from private resources, it is clearly a gift. If what is reciprocated after a gift is given comes from an organization, or is a government resource rather than from “one’s own pocket” then it is most likely a bribe. This study reviews the anthropological literature on gift giving and constructs a typology for examining the gift/bribe distinction in public administration. This classification helps distinguish analytically among different gift practices and clarify conceptual ambiguity of the terms gift and bribe.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1013-1023
Number of pages11
JournalInternational Journal of Public Administration
Issue number12
Publication statusPublished - 2017

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