Go or no-go? An assessment of inhibitory control training using the GO/NO-GO task in adolescents

Annelies Van Royen, Eva Van Malderen, Maurane Desmet, Lien Goossens, Sandra Verbeken, Eva Kemps

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Objective: Adolescence is a critical period for the onset of unhealthy eating habits. One important contributing factor is poor inhibitory control (IC), a cognitive skill that enables behavior regulation. IC training appears successful in countering unhealthy eating in adults, but evidence in adolescents is scarce. In addition, the mechanism of change from IC training remains unclear. Therefore, the present study aimed to assess changes in IC during a single session of IC training in adolescents. The effectiveness of the training was assessed by comparing the experimental group to a matched control group. Method: A community sample of 57 adolescents between 10 and 18 years was recruited (Mage = 16.61, SDage = 2.52, 73.7% girls, Madj.BMI = 105.17, SDadj.BMI = 18.81). IC was assessed before, during, and after the training using a GO/NO-GO task. Indices of IC were commission errors (CE; incorrectly responding on a no-go trial) and reaction time (RT) on go trials. Results: CE rates among adolescents who received the IC training were the highest during the training and decreased significantly after the training. However, there were no differences in CE before compared to after the training. No differences were found in RT before, during or after the training. In addition, compared to the control group, the experimental group showed no significant differences in either CE or RT before, during or after the training. Discussion: To the best of our knowledge, the present study is the first to assess changes in IC after an IC training in a community sample of adolescents. Results of this study further elucidate the complex role of IC in adolescents’ unhealthy eating habits. Future studies should seek to corroborate these findings in a larger sample.

Original languageEnglish
Article number106303
Number of pages7
JournalAppetite
Volume179
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Dec 2022

Keywords

  • Adolescents
  • Community sample
  • GO/NO-GO
  • Inhibitory control training
  • Mechanism of change

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