Haemolysin genes of Vibrio cholerae: presence of homologous DNA in non-haemolytic O1 and haemolytic non-O1 strains

Melissa H. Brown, Paul A. Manning

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

21 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The structural gene for the haemolysin and two accessory genes from a Vibrio cholerae O1 El Tor strain have previously been cloned in Escherichia coli K-12 to give the plasmid pPM431. This plasmid has been used as a probe with a variety of O1 and non-O1 Vibrio cholerae strains to examine by Southern DNA hybridisations for the presence of homologous DNA. Such experiments show that the DNA homologous to that present in pPM431 is present in all of the 20 strains examined, whether they were haemolytic or non-haemolytic, implying that the genes were present but not expressed in non-haemolytic strains. Using a variety of restriction enzymes to cut the chromosomal DNA of different V. cholerae strains and probing with pPM431, it was possible to distinguish O1 and non-O1 strains, as well as haemolytic or non-haemolytic strains. This variability between hly+ and hly- may be indicative of a change in the regulatory region of the haemolysin genes. The results also imply a high degree of homology of the haemolysin of O1 and non-O1 strains.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)197-201
Number of pages5
JournalFEMS Microbiology Letters
Volume30
Issue number1-2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Oct 1985
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • E. coli K-12
  • gene expression
  • regulation
  • Southern hybridizations

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