Hazards from Legionella

Richard Bentham

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapterpeer-review


Environmental ecology The Legionella family (Legionellaceae) is a group of bacteria found in a wide and diverse range of environmental niches, but in particular in fresh water. In the natural environment they are heterotrophs, organisms that feed on complex organic molecules such as amino acids. To source these organic nutrients they have developed a range of different strategies. All of these strategies depend on deriving their nutrients from other organisms in either natural or anthropogenic water systems. As a result they are always part of a complex community in the environment and not easy to isolate as pure cultures in the laboratory. Another important ecological feature is that they have a general growth range of between 20 and 45 °C, but survive at both higher and lower temperatures, though 55 °C is widely regarded as the upper limit for survival (Fields et al., 2002; WHO, 2007, Chs. 1, 2).
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationRoutledge Handbook of Water and Health
PublisherTaylor & Francis
Number of pages7
ISBN (Electronic)9781317436980, 9781315693606
ISBN (Print)9781138910072
Publication statusPublished - 25 Sept 2015


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