Head-Neck Taper Corrosion in Hip Arthroplasty

Saleem Hussenbocus, Dennis Kosuge, Lucian Solomon, Donald Howie, Reza Hashemi Oskouei

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    61 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    Modularity at the head-neck junction of the femoral component in THA became popular as a design feature with advantages of decreasing implant inventory and allowing adjustment of leg length, offset, and soft tissue balancing through different head options. The introduction of a new modular interface to femoral stems that were previously monoblock, or nonmodular, comes with the potential for corrosion at the taper junction through mechanically assisted crevice corrosion. The incidence of revision hip arthroplasty is on the rise and along with improved wear properties of polyethylene and ceramic, use of larger femoral head sizes is becoming increasingly popular. Taper corrosion appears to be related to all of its geometric parameters, material combinations, and femoral head size. This review article discusses the pathogenesis, risk factors, clinical assessment, and management of taper corrosion at the head-neck junction.

    Original languageEnglish
    Article number758123
    Pages (from-to)Article: 758123
    Number of pages9
    JournalBioMed Research International
    Volume2015
    Early online date2015
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 2015

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  • Cite this

    Hussenbocus, S., Kosuge, D., Solomon, L., Howie, D., & Hashemi Oskouei, R. (2015). Head-Neck Taper Corrosion in Hip Arthroplasty. BioMed Research International, 2015, Article: 758123. [758123]. https://doi.org/10.1155/2015/758123