Healthy adolescent sleep patterns for improved psycho-social and educational outcomes: A systematic review

Research output: Contribution to journalMeeting Abstractpeer-review


Introduction: It has been established that interventions targeting adolescent sleep can ultimately improve their sleep knowledge and behaviours. The purpose of this systematic review was to examine if interventions improve adolescents’ psychosocial outcomes above and beyond sleep (secondary outcomes e.g., lifestyle and educational outcomes).

Methods: A literature search was conducted to identify studies using interventions that aimed to improve adolescent sleep and associated mental/physical outcomes. Data were collected from 33 articles published in the past 25 years. The sample size of the studies ranged from 3 to 1545 (mean=113, median=33) for experimental conditions and 14 to 2168 (mean=185, median=46) for the control conditions.

Results: Ten of the 33 studies were randomised controlled trials, 14 studies were before‐ and after‐intervention studies, one was a placebo crossover trial and the remaining nine were cluster‐randomised trials. The age range of adolescents in the treatment group ranged from 10 to 25 years. Results suggest that sleep interventions improve depression, fatigue, sleepiness and cognitive functioning. Therapies targeting clinical adolescents are more efficacious than non‐clinical samples and incubation effects exist for factors beyond sleep, which are unapparent pre‐post intervention.

Discussion: Findings suggest that in addition to improving immediate sleep‐related factors (e.g., sleep quality, hygiene and timing); sleep interventions have the capacity to improve psychological wellbeing, lifestyle and educational outcomes.
Original languageEnglish
Article numberP069
Number of pages2
JournalJournal of Sleep Research
Issue numberS2
Publication statusPublished - 2018
EventSleep DownUnder 2018: 30th ASM of Australasian Sleep Association and the Australasian Sleep Technologists Association - Brisbane, Australia
Duration: 17 Oct 201820 Oct 2018
Conference number: 30


  • adolescent
  • sleep patterns
  • educational outcomes


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