Helping formulate propositions in forensic DNA analysis

John Buckleton, Jo Anne Bright, Duncan Taylor, Ian Evett, Tacha Hicks, Graham Jackson, James M. Curran

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

13 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The Bayesian paradigm is the preferred approach to evidence interpretation. It requires the evaluation of the probability of the evidence under at least two propositions. The value of the findings (i.e., our LR) will depend on these propositions and the case information, so it is crucial to identify which propositions are useful for the case at hand. Previously, a number of principles have been advanced and largely accepted for the evaluation of evidence. In the evaluation of traces involving DNA mixtures there may be more than two propositions possible. We apply these principles to some exemplar situations. We also show that in some cases, when there are no clear propositions or no defendant, a forensic scientist may be able to generate explanations to account for observations. In that case, the scientist plays a role of investigator, rather than evaluator. We believe that it is helpful for the scientist to distinguish those two roles.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)258-261
Number of pages4
JournalScience and Justice
Volume54
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jul 2014
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Evaluation
  • Forensic DNA interpretation
  • Investigation
  • Mixtures
  • Propositions
  • Role

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