Heterobimetallic Calix[4]arene Complexes: Interconversion of Dimeric (Ca, Sr or Ba)/TiIV Complexes with a Monomeric K/TiIV Complex

Antonella J. Petrella, Nicholas K. Roberts, Colin L. Raston, Donald C. Craig, Mark Thornton-Pett, Robert N. Lamb

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Citations (Scopus)


Reaction of calix[4]arene with alkaline earth metals (Ca/Sr/Ba) in methanol followed by the addition of various titanium(IV) sources afforded novel dimeric 1:1 alkaline earth/titanium(IV) calix[4]arene complexes. In each complex the central core of the crystallographically imposed centrosymmetric dimer consists of a rhombus of alternating alkaline earth metals and μ 3-oxo-centres. Five terminal methanol ligands form seven-coordinate calcium and strontium centres, while the barium centres are bridged by two additional methanol ligands, making them nine-coordinate. Each oxo centre is the apical ligand of a square-pyramidal titanium(IV) centre, whose basal plane ligands are the four phenolate oxygens from a calix[4]arene in the symmetrical cone-conformation. Deprotonation of calix[4]arene with potassium metal, followed by the addition of a titanium(IV) source containing at least one acetylacetonate ligand, formed a mixed potassium/titanium complex based on one calix[4]arene. The potassium cation in this complex binds within the π-basic calix[4]arene cavity, whilst titanium is octahedrally complexed in the exo-position, by four phenolates and one acetylacetonate. The alkaline earth titanium dimers and potassium/titanium monomers could be interconverted merely by changing the solvent, with the appropriate cations and ligands present in solution.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)4153-4158
Number of pages6
JournalEuropean Journal of Inorganic Chemistry
Issue number23
Publication statusPublished - 5 Dec 2003
Externally publishedYes


  • Alkaline earth metals
  • Calixarenes
  • Heterometallic complexes
  • Potassium
  • Titanium


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