Background: High-resolution impedance manometry (HRIM) allows evaluation of esophageal bolus retention, flow, and pressurization. We explored novel HRIM measures and assessed their temporal relationship to dysphagia symptoms for boluses of different volume and consistency in non-obstructive dysphagia (NOD) patients. Methods: Thirty-three NOD patients (n = 19 minor or no disorder of peristalsis (“Normal”) and n = 14 esophagogastric junction outflow obstruction (“EGJOO”)) were evaluated with HRIM. Patients were administered 5 and 10 mL liquid, semisolid, and 2 and 4 cm solid boluses and indicated bolus perception during individual swallows using a 5-point Likert scale. HRIM was analyzed to assess Chicago Classification and pressure flow metrics, esophageal impedance integral (EII) ratio, and bolus flow time (BFT). Key Results: Overall, bolus perception increased with increasing bolus consistency (P < 0.001), but did not differ significantly between EGJOO and Normal patients. EGJOO patients had higher IRP4, higher levels of bolus residual (ie, EII ratio and IR), and restricted esophageal emptying. The results for linking semisolid bolus perception to semisolid-derived measures revealed more biomechanically plausible and consistent patterns when compared to those derived for liquid boluses. In Normal patients, perception of boluses of heavier viscosity was related to higher bolus flow resistance during transport, whilst in EGJOO, perception was related to restriction of esophageal emptying. Conclusion & Inferences: These novel pressure-impedance measures may aid in the evaluation of NOD patients by revealing abnormal motor patterns, which may explain symptom generation. Future studies are needed to evaluate which of these measures are worthy of calculation and to establish protocol settings that allow for their meaningful interpretation.
- dysphagia perception
- high‐resolution impedance manometry
- non‐obstructive dysphagia
- pressure flow analysis