High-Yield Continuous-Flow Synthesis of Spheroidal C60@Graphene Composites as Supercapacitors

Ibrahim K. Alsulam, Thaar M.D. Alharbi, Mahmoud Moussa, Colin L. Raston

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    Abstract

    Graphene spheres confining fullerene C60 are quantitatively formed under high-shear and continuous-flow processing using a vortex fluidic device (VFD). This involves intense micromixing a colloidal suspension of graphite in DMF and an o-xylene solution of C60 at room temperature in the absence of surfactants and other auxiliary substances. The diameters of the composite spheres, C60@graphene, can be controlled with size distributions ranging from 1.5 to 3.5 μm, depending on the VFD operating parameters, including rotational speed, flow rate, relative ratio of C60 to graphite, and the concentration of fullerene. An electrode of the composite material has high cycle stability, with a high areal capacitance of 103.4 mF cm-2, maintaining its capacitances to 24.7 F g-1 and 86.4 mF cm-2 (83.5%) at a high scan rate of 100 mV s-1.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)19279-19286
    Number of pages8
    JournalACS Omega
    Volume4
    Issue number21
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 7 Nov 2019

    Bibliographical note

    This is an open access article published under an ACS AuthorChoice License, which permits copying and redistribution of the article or any adaptations for non-commercial purposes. Copyright © 2019 American Chemical Society.

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