Untreated recycled water, such as sewage and graywater, will almost always contain a wide range of agents that are likely to present risks to human health, including chemicals and pathogenic microorganisms. The microbial hazards, such as large numbers of enteric pathogens that can cause gastroenteric illness if ingested, are the main cause of concern for human health. The presence of the enteropathogenic Escherichia coli (EPEC) serotype is of particular concern, as this group of bacteria is responsible for causing severe infant and travelers' diarrhea, gastroenteritis and hemolytic uremic syndrome. A biosensing system based on an optical Fabry-Pérot (FP) cavity, capable of directly detecting the presence of EPEC within 5min, has been developed using a simple micro-thin double-sided adhesive tape and two semi-transparent FP mirror plates. The system utilizes a poly(methyl methacrylate) (PMMA) or glass substrates sputtered by 40-nm-thick gold thin films serving as FP mirrors. Mirrors have been activated using 0.1M mercaptopropionic acid, influencing an immobilization density of the translocated intimin receptor (TIR) of 100ng/cm 2. The specificity of recognition was confirmed by exposing TIR functionalized surfaces to four taxonomically related and/or distantly related bacterial strains. It was found that the TIR-functionalized surfaces did not show any bacterial capture for these other bacterial strains within a 15min incubation period.
- Enteropathogenic E. coli
- Fabry-Pérot sensors
- Rapid detection
- Translocated intimin receptor