HIV/AIDS knowledge and attitudes assessment among women of child-bearing age in South Sudan: Findings from a Household Survey

William Mude, Victor M. Oguoma, Hailay Gesesew, Edward K. Ameyaw, Carolyne Njue, Tafadzwa Nyanhanda, Adeniyi O. Adeleye, Tinashe Dune, Billingsley Kaambwa, Lillian Mwanri

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Abstract

This study assessed the determinants that shape HIV knowledge and attitudes among South Sudanese women by analysing a Multiple Indicator Cluster Survey collected from 9,061 women in 9,369 households. Generalised linear mixed model regression was per-formed. Fifty percent of respondents were aware of HIV/AIDS, with 21% and 22% exhibiting good knowledge and positive attitudes towards people with HIV/AIDS, respectively. When controlled for individual and community-level variables, younger women (AOR = 1.28, 95%CI: 1.01–162), women with primary (AOR = 2.19; 95% CI: 1.86–2.58) and secondary (AOR
= 4.48; 95% CI: 3.38–5.93) education, and those living in urban areas (AOR = 1.40; 95% CI: 1.12–1.76) had significantly good knowledge. Women in the richer (AOR = 1.60; 95% CI: 1.08–2.36) and the richest (AOR = 2.02; 95% CI: 1.35–3.02) wealth quintiles had significant positive attitudes towards people with HIV/AIDS. Well-designed social and behavioural campaigns targeting uneducated women and those living in rural and remote settings will enhance knowledge of perceived risk, awareness, and ability to carry out preventive behaviours.
Original languageEnglish
Article numbere0243969
Number of pages15
JournalPLoS One
Volume15
Issue number12 December
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 14 Dec 2020

Keywords

  • HIV/AIDS
  • community attitudes
  • community knowledge
  • South Sudan

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