How Context Matters: A Dissemination and Implementation Primer for Global Oncologists

Bogda Koczwara, Sarah A Birken, Cynthia K Perry, Deborah Cragun, Leah L Zullig, Tamar Ginossar, Jesse Nodora, Neetu Chawla, Shoba Ramanadhan, Jon Kerner, Ross C Brownson

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

    4 Downloads (Pure)


    The need for a journal of global oncology reflects a growing realization by the oncology community that although evidence behind cancer control strategies may not differ around the globe, the context in which this evidence is applied varies according to available resources, societal values and priorities, policies, and health care systems. Context has profound influence on whether and how evidence is disseminated, adopted, tailored, and used in clinical practice. Context varies across countries, cultures, and geographic regions and reflects the great diversity of people affected by cancer. Recognition of and work within these diverse contexts may seem daunting, but the ability to identify and address the context within which we as clinicians and researchers practice is increasingly recognized as critical to making a lasting impact. The emerging field that explores how to apply evidence in different contexts often is called dissemination and implementation (D&I) science. Synonyms include knowledge translation, translational research, and implementation science. This article, written by international cancer researchers with expertise in D&I science, explores the question of how D&I science can contribute to the advancement of global cancer control and the opportunities and challenges in this area. The concept for this article arose as a result of discussions during the 2nd Mentored Training for Dissemination and Implementation Research in Cancer convened at Washington University in St Louis in June 2015.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)51-55
    Number of pages5
    JournalJournal of Global Oncology
    Issue number2
    Publication statusPublished - 1 Apr 2016

    Bibliographical note

    Authors submit manuscripts with the understanding that, if accepted, the copyright of the article, including the right to reproduce the article in all forms and media, shall be assigned exclusively to the American Society of Clinical Oncology (ASCO).

    The manuscript will be published and made available by ASCO under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 (CC-BY 4.0) license.

    Authors may upload ONLY the final published manuscript to their institutional or funding body repository. ASCO will deposit the final published manuscript to PubMed Central (PMC) or PMC mirror sites in accordance with the policy of the author's institution or funding body.


    • cancer
    • evidence based practice
    • dissemination and implementation science


    Dive into the research topics of 'How Context Matters: A Dissemination and Implementation Primer for Global Oncologists'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

    Cite this