How perceptions of residents toward assessment influence learning: A qualitative study

Jaime L. Pacifico, Julie Anne S. Villanueva, Sylvia Heeneman, Cees van der Vleuten

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)


Any form of assessment activity will act as a stimulus and provoke an educational response. There is a risk however that the response will not result in a beneficial educational response, thus there is a need to monitor and understand the relationship between assessment and learning. This is true at any level of education including postgraduate medical education. To understand how residents perceived assessment, we interviewed 20 residents from the departments of internal medicine and paediatrics. Our goal was to determine how assessment influenced their motivation to accumulate knowledge and skills and attain the competence levels expected of a specialist. We utilised grounded theory to analyse the data. Our results showed that the trainees acknowledged that assessment, in general, has a positive influence on their learning, it motivated them to study and fostered an active learning attitude. A high degree of self-directed learning was also present among the residents. An interplay of new or interesting patient cases, concern for the welfare of the patients, engagement with the consultants, and a supportive environment contributed to creating the motivation for the residents to study.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)46-53
Number of pages8
JournalAsia Pacific Scholar
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - Jan 2020
Externally publishedYes


  • Assessment
  • Clinical Training
  • Perceptions
  • Postgraduate Medical Education
  • Qualitative Study


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