Hydrocarbon Phytoremediation in the Family Fabaceae - A Review

Jessica Hall, Kathleen Soole, Richard Bentham

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    43 Citations (Scopus)


    Currently, studies often focus on the use of Poaceae species (grasses) for phytoremediation of hydrocarbon-contaminated soils. Research into the use of Fabaceae species (legumes) to remediate hydrocarbons in soils has been conducted, but these plants are commonly overlooked due to slower recorded rates of degradation compared with many grass species. Evidence in the literature suggests that in some cases Fabaceae species may increase total degradation of hydrocarbons and stimulate degradative capacity of the soil microbial community, particularly for contaminants which are normally more recalcitrant to degradation. As many recalcitrant hydrocarbons have negative impacts on human and ecosystem health, development of remediation options is crucial. Reconsideration of Fabaceae species for removal of such contaminants may lead to environmentally and economically sustainable technologies for remediation of contaminated sites.

    Original languageEnglish
    Article numberPublications Data Collection
    Pages (from-to)317-332
    Number of pages16
    JournalInternational Journal of Phytoremediation
    Issue number4
    Publication statusPublished - Apr 2011


    • Fabaceae
    • Recalcitrant hydrocarbons
    • Soil microbial community
    • Soil nutrient status


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