The dynamic changes in uterine contractility in response to distension are incompletely understood. Rhythmic, propagating contractions of nonpregnant uterine smooth muscle occur in the absence of nerve activity (i.e., myogenic), events that decline during pregnancy and reemerge at parturition. We therefore sought to determine how myogenic contractions of the nonpregnant uterus are affected by distension, which might provide mechanistic clues underlying distension-associated uterine conditions such as preterm birth. Uteri isolated from nulliparous adult female mice in proestrus were video imaged to generate spatiotemporal maps, and myoelectrical activity simultaneously recorded using extracellular suction electrodes. Motility patterns were examined under basal conditions and following ramped intraluminal distension with fluid to 5 and 10 cmH2O. Intraluminal distension caused pressure-dependent changes in the frequency, amplitude, propagation speed, and directionality of uterine contractions, which reversed upon pressure release. Altered burst durations of underlying smooth muscle myoelectric events were concurrently observed, although action potential spike intervals were unchanged. Voltage-gated sodium channel blockade [tetrodotoxin (TTX); 0.6μM] attenuated both the amplitude of contractions and burst duration of action potentials, whereas all activity was abolished by L-type calcium channel blockade (nifedipine; 1 μM). These data suggest that myogenic motility patterns of the nonpregnant mouse uterus are sensitive to changes in intraluminal pressure and, at high pressures, may be modulated by voltage-gated sodium channel activity. Future studies may investigate whether similar distension-evoked changes occur in the pregnant uterus and the possible pathophysiological role of such activity in the development of preterm birth.
|Number of pages||11|
|Journal||American Journal of Physiology - Regulatory Integrative and Comparative Physiology|
|Publication status||Published - Sep 2021|
- Smooth muscle
- Uterine contraction