Impact of ineffective oesophageal motility and wrap type on dysphagia after laparoscopic fundoplication

J. A. Broeders, I. G. Sportel, G. G. Jamieson, R. S. Nijjar, N. Granchi, J. C. Myers, S. K. Thompson

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40 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background: Laparoscopic 360° fundoplication is the most common operation for gastro-oesophageal reflux disease, but is associated with postoperative dysphagia in some patients. Patients with ineffective oesophageal motility may have a higher risk of developing postoperative dysphagia, but this remains unclear. Methods: From 1991 to 2010, 2040 patients underwent primary laparoscopic fundoplication for gastro-oesophageal reflux disease and met the study inclusion criteria; 343 had a 90°, 498 a 180° and 1199 a 360° fundoplication. Primary peristalsis and distal contraction amplitude during oesophageal manometry were determined for 1354 patients. Postoperative dysphagia scores (range 0-45) were recorded at 3 and 12 months, then annually. Oesophageal dilatations and/or reoperations for dysphagia were recorded. Results: Preoperative oesophageal motility did not influence postoperative dysphagia scores, the need for dilatation and/or reoperation up to 6 years. Three-month dysphagia scores were lower after 90° and 180° compared with 360° fundoplication (mean(s.e.m.) 8·0(0·6) and 9·8(0·5) respectively versus 11·9(0·4); P < 0·001 and P = 0·003), but these differences diminished after 6 years of follow-up. The incidence of dilatation and reoperation for dysphagia was lower after 90° (2·6 and 0·6 per cent respectively) and 180° (4·4 and 1·0 per cent) fundoplications than with a 360° wrap (9·8 and 6·8 per cent; both P < 0·001 versus 90° and 180° groups). Conclusion: Tailoring the degree of fundoplication according to preoperative oesophageal motility by standard manometric parameters has no long-term impact on postoperative dysphagia. There is, however, a proportionate increase in short-term dysphagia scores with increasing degree of wrap, and a corresponding proportionate increase in dilatations and reoperations for dysphagia. These differences in dysphagia scores diminish with time.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1414-1421
Number of pages8
JournalBritish Journal of Surgery
Volume98
Issue number10
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Oct 2011
Externally publishedYes

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    Broeders, J. A., Sportel, I. G., Jamieson, G. G., Nijjar, R. S., Granchi, N., Myers, J. C., & Thompson, S. K. (2011). Impact of ineffective oesophageal motility and wrap type on dysphagia after laparoscopic fundoplication. British Journal of Surgery, 98(10), 1414-1421. https://doi.org/10.1002/bjs.7573