Impact of peatland drainage and restoration on esker groundwater resources: modeling future scenarios for management: Modélisation de scénarios futurs de gestion

Pekka Rossi, Pertti Ala-aho, John Doherty, Bjørn Kløve

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

    17 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    Esker aquifers are common groundwater bodies in Europe. Management of these aquifers should take account of the sustainability of groundwater-dependent ecosystems and land use in an integrated way. An unconfined esker aquifer in northern Finland was modelled with MODFLOW to determine how groundwater resources are impacted by the surrounding peatland drainage scheme and to simulate scenarios for possible drainage restoration. The impacts of groundwater abstraction and climate change were also simulated. A calibration-constrained Monte Carlo method was used to provide information on the uncertainties associated with model predictions. The results suggest that peatland drainage in the vicinity of eskers can have a significant role in lowering the water table, even though climate variability may mask these impacts. Drainage restoration by filling the ditches might have positive impacts on the aquifer water levels. Comparison of water-table changes caused by peatland drainage with the changes brought by water abstraction and climate variability helped to quantify impacts of different land-use scenarios and facilitated discussion with the local stakeholders. Based on this study, more attention should be devoted to peatland drainage schemes in integrated groundwater management of esker aquifers.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)1131-1145
    Number of pages15
    JournalHydrogeology Journal
    Volume22
    Issue number5
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - Aug 2014

    Keywords

    • Finland
    • Groundwater management
    • Numerical modeling
    • Uncertainty analysis
    • Wetlands

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