Implementation of Inclusive Education Policy in Ghana: Recommendations from Social Workers and Policy Makers

Edward Asamoah, Cherry Hau-lin Tam, Alhassan Abdullah

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1 Citation (Scopus)


To satisfy the global commitment of promoting ‘Education for All’, Ghana, a sub-Saharan African country developed an inclusive education policy to define the government’s strategic path for the education of children and youth with special education needs. Years after making this commitment, research evidence has revealed significant challenges confronting the successful implementation of the inclusive education program. However, little has been reported on ways to address setbacks hindering the effective implementation of the inclusive education programme. Consequently, this study reports the views of practising social workers and regional level policymakers on how to address the setbacks facing the implementation of the policy. Qualitative semi-structured in-depth interviews were conducted with eleven professional social workers, two policymakers in the Ashanti region in Ghana. Data from the participants’ narratives were thematically analysed with the aid of NVivo 12 Pro software. The participants recommended; reconceptualising disability, financial backing, a guideline on teacher recruitment and fostering inter-agency collaboration, as the means to achieve the policy goals. The findings suggest the need to resource responsible agencies and refocus the policy by facilitating linkage between education and social welfare in the practice of inclusive education.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)267-281
Number of pages15
JournalInternational Journal of Disability, Development and Education
Issue number1
Early online date2 Aug 2021
Publication statusPublished - 2022
Externally publishedYes


  • Challenges of inclusive education
  • Ghana
  • inclusive education policy
  • policymakers in inclusive education
  • social workers


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